The methodology describes the research plan and the particular methods that you chooses in order to carry it out, so that you can answer the research question or investigate the hypothesis.
In writing up, it can begin with a statement of the research question, and then go on to say how you are going to answer that question. You do not give the answers to the research, they go into the results and/or discussion sections - some research models run results and discussion together. You are only saying how the research will be carried out.
Steps in conducting research
The major steps in conducting research are:
Identification of the research problem
Specifying the purpose of research
Analyzing and interpreting the data
Reporting and evaluating research
The steps generally represent the overall process, however, they should be viewed as an ever-changing process rather than a fixed set of steps . Most research begins with a general statement of the problem, or rather, the purpose of engaging in the study . The literature review identifies flaws or holes in previous research which provides justification for the study. The purpose of the research identifies a specific hypothesis. The researcher(s) collects data to test the hypothesis. The researcher(s) then analyzes and interprets the data via a variety of statistical methods, engaging in what is known as Empirical research. The results of the data analysis in confirming or failing to reject the Null hypothesis are then reported and evaluated. At the end, the researcher may discuss avenues for further research.
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