How do you go from nothing to a published research paper? The first and most important step is the least glamorous: Read, Read, and Read. You cannot go anywhere without first doing a thorough review of the literature. You picked a topic: now go to the library or to Google Scholar or something and read everything you can about that topic. Everything. This serves two purposes: you learn what research has already been done, and you get a foundation in your topic that will help you come up with a question and design your project. In the course of your readings you may come up with a question. Search for articles that may answer that question and, if you don't find any, keep searching a few more times just to be sure and, if you still don't find any, congratulations! You have a topic. Now do some research on methods that could be used to answer your question, and you're ready to start your experiments.
Experiments done? Good. See which papers you read are close to the one you want to write, find the journal they were published in, see their submissiob guidelines, and write accordingly.
Don't ever expect to be done with the reading, by the way: new research is always coming out, so reading literature is something you will be doing forever. If it's a topic you enjoy, however, you won't mind.
While you're doing this, be sure to take notes! You will be citing all of these sources when you write your research paper, so be sure to record the citation information and the findings and useful information from each paper you read. I use Endnote, but there is other citation software out there.
To give you an idea, in the past four years I have read (or at least skimmed or saw the abstract of) nearly 1000 papers related in some way to my research topic or methods, and another 150 on a side topic, and 75 on another side project. For a large review paper I wrote on yet another side topic, I read nearly 400 papers. I didn't / won't cite all of these in the papers I write (most papers have 30-40 citations or so), but to get enough information to know what has been done, what needs to be done, and how to do it all I have had to read a lot, and continue to do so.
Besides the literature review, running your experiment, writing and submitting of the paper, and the waiting, while it gets reviewed and hopefully accepted for publication, will take a long time. Your 4-6 month timeline is quite unrealistic unless you are doing something in the humanities or writing a review or commentary where lab work isn't needed.
Originally posted at https://qr.ae/TWFiEM